First National Study on Provider-to-Patient Ratios in the ICU
ALISO VIEJO, Calif. The first national study to examine the ratio of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) to patients may help hospital administrators better determine appropriate staffing levels in acute and critical care units.
Published in the May issue of the American Journal of Critical Care (AJCC),“Patient-to-Provider Ratios for Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants in Critical Care Settings: Results From a National Survey” is the first national study to report on advanced practice provider-to-patient ratios in intensive care units (ICUs) and other acute and critical care settings.
Provider-to-patient ratios in the ICU were reported to average 1:5 for both NP and PA providers. In pediatric ICUs, NPs reported that ratios averaged 1:4. In critical care settings that integrated fellows and medical residents, NP or PA provider-to-patient ratios averaged 1:4.
The researchers identified a number of factors that impact patient-to-provider ratios, including the severity of the patients’ illnesses, the number of patients in the unit and the number of providers in the unit. Other factors included patient diagnosis, the number of physicians in the unit, time of day and the number of fellows and medical residents on service. Continue>
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